How does a Hoverboard move?
The Wheel Sensor
The wheels of the hoverboard house the electric motors themselves.
They also contain a tilt and speed sensor. This detects the rpm (revolutions per minute) of the individual wheel, and sends it to the gyroscope and speed control boards, located inside the main body, right next to the wheels.
Gyroscope / Speed Control Boards
The boards receive the rpms and tilt information from the sensor inside the wheels, and they, in turn, send it to the main logic board.
When you calibrate your board, the gyroscopes are basically “reset”, so to be able to detect the tilt for movement.
How does a Hoverboard detect your movement?
- The hoverboard has two pressure pads that sit on two switches on each side.
- When the rider leans forward, the front switch is pushed down, and the pressure pad’s little wall slides in-between the infrared LED and an infrared sensor.
- When the sensors detect the light, the logic board informs the motors not to spin.
- When the light is interrupted, the board now tells the motors to spin in the direction chosen by the rider.
- So, if the rider wants to turn left, his/her foot will activate the front right switch, and in return this makes the right wheel to spin forward, whilst his/her left foot activates the back left switch, making the left wheel spin backwards. This is Brilliant!